The natural fur is more harmful for environment than synthetic

When I was in¬†Russia, I bought a¬†hat made of¬†fox fur. It looks gorgeous! And¬†it is so warm that I am ready to¬†go to¬†Siberia or¬†Norway. I also thought¬†‚Äď it is natural fur, it might be great for¬†an¬†environment. Who cares if one animal is dead, it was so for¬†million years. And¬†also, the¬†fur is biodegradable. So everything is fine? It appeared that not.

I found an¬†article on¬†the¬†most famous Russian business media RBC (–†–Ď–ö):

Natural fur

The¬†fur becomes banned in¬†the¬†world. The¬†fashion houses¬†‚Äď Gucci, Prada, and¬†Chanel have rejected the¬†use of¬†fur. California banned the¬†production and¬†selling of¬†fur clothes. People decided that it is unethical: animals live in¬†bad conditions.

85% of all fur is produced on farms. Most of the time the livestock consist of foxes and minks. People feed them with chicken giblets, or fish giblets, that would have been thrown away anyway. The CO2 emissions are produced due to the lifecycle of animals.

The other fur is got from wild animals. For example, Canada Goose, the brand that produces luxury jackets for arctic temperatures, uses coyote fur. America gives permission to kill wild animals to control the population.

Animal skins are cleaned, washed, dried, softened and stretched. To prevent fur things from spoiling and decomposing, they are treated with special chemicals, usually formaldehyde or chromium. So the fur becomes germ-resistand and can last longer. This is such a dangerous process that the experts of the World Bank have included fur dressing in the top five industries with the highest level of contamination with toxic metals.

Solvents that cause respiratory and oncological diseases are used in fur processing plants. These substances can get into the soil and water, so that all the fish is getting dead and the soil becomes not only unsuitable
for¬†farming, but¬†also the¬†‚Äúpoison‚ÄĚ gets to¬†the¬†subterranean water and¬†is consumed by¬†us.

The¬†problem of¬†the¬†fur is also with the¬†keeping of¬†it. To¬†make fur last longer, it should be kept in¬†a¬†cold place, with temperature of¬†1-7‚ÄȬįC. There are some businesses who keep the¬†fur in¬†fridges in¬†summer. The¬†other problem is the¬†biodegradability. First, fur can‚Äôt be recycled, only decomposed. But¬†there any only few places in¬†the¬†world where it can be decomposed.

Synthetic fur

Synthetic fur appeared at the beginning of the XX century as a more affordable replacement for expensive natural fur. Acrylic or modacrylic textile is usually used for the pile (nap on cloth), and it is fixed on a fabric basis. Acrylic polymers are made from chemicals derived from coal, air, water, oil and limestone. Some companies, like House of Fluff, uses recycled plastic.

The problem with artificial fur is that it is not biodegradable. However, there are some companies, like Ecopel, that uses corn and recycled polyester.

In my opinion, there synthetic fur is a bullshit. It is like a wooden wall in a house, that is actually made of plastic, or the gypsum that looks like stone. There is no need to look like a nature. The synthetics must give us new forms of clothing, new features. May be the usage of livestock is less ethical nowadays, but at least you get the product of nature, that does not pretend to be somewhat else.

I like one example: the¬†christmas tree. As¬†you know, you may either buy a¬†real tree or¬†to¬†buy the¬†artificial one. And¬†remember¬†‚Äď the¬†natural tree is always better! it has a¬†smell, it lives and¬†absorbs CO2. Moreover, the¬†pine tree consumes much less water, that the¬†artificial one. Interestingly, but¬†only if you keep the¬†plastic tree for¬†more than 24 years, there will be emitted less CO2, than when buying a¬†pine tree each year. I thought, that the¬†situation with fur is close the¬†pine trees, but¬†i was mistaken.

Natural vs. Synthetic fur

I have found a paper of Russian PhDs in design, They compared the influence of natural and synthetic fur on the environment during the production. The result was that the artificial fur was better in nearly every parameter, except water usage, where the difference was tenfold.

Do you know that to produce 1 fur coat, 11-13 minks should be killed. It is too much; moreover, you should give 50 kilograms of food to each animal, 550-650 kilograms of food per coat. And also, they have to drink an extreme amount of water. I would instead prefer buying the minks and keeping them safe in my courtyard than just killing them. Do you want to buy the fur stuff now? The best way to save these animals is to stop buying fur clothes.

I am not an expert of the fur industry, I have just shown 2 similar opinions and wrote my thoughts about it. If you know more about this theme, please write your comment below.

Ornament and crime, Adolf Loos, 1908

The main thoughts:

Make the walls around the living space, not otherwise. The planning of a house must start with understanding what people will do inside, how they will use each place. Some architects first do the house planning, and only then do they decide how people will live inside the house. After panning the outer walls, they decide where and how the bedroom, bath, living room, and kitchen will be located. An example is when a person wants to have three floors, or 600 square meter area, and he thinks afterward how to fill the place.

For me, that was a crucial thought. Did you think an architect should plan walls, windows, stairs only after planning the people’s behavior inside the house? I guess it is tough to imagine. Most of us buy or rent an apartment, and we initially have the plan of an apartment, and based on this plan, we make the walls between rooms and place the tables, sofas, beds, and other furniture. But when you build your own house, you must think conversely! Remember!

Vienna is a Potemkin village. Potemkin village is the name of fake houses, where only a façade is made. Potemkin villages were built in Russian Empire when the emperor traveled around different regions. Mayor Potemkin did not want the emperor to see poor villages, and he decided to build fake houses on the main streets so that the emperor would see the flourishing city. The homes had only one wall and were constructed out of wood, were colored, and had ornaments made of gypsum.

Vienna has a similar thing. Houses in Vienna look gorgeous; however, most of the façade is just a cheap decoration made of gypsum instead of stone, which doesn’t have any functions.

Without the Façade, the house of the 15th and 17th centuries will look the same as that of the 19th century. For a long time, the only difference in homes was the Façade style: baroque, classicism, modern, neo-gothic, etc.

You can’t fake one material for a more expensive one. The fake will always be seen. In Vienna, architects usually make hardwood out of a soft one or paint the normal wood to the red transparent color to look like the teak wood (red hardwood, very expensive).

There were no prohibitions of fake architecture because no one was faking before. If there are no robbers, you don’t need any punishment for robbery. Nobody was faking the architecture styles before. Only when the new cheap luxury-imitating materials became popular, the process of faking start to flourish.

Ornament is terrible, and once we will eliminate it. The Ornament is just the time spent for nothing. People of baroque times (when people discovered purple color, just a fact) spent money on needless luxury things, and people became poorer. Still, people in the new era are conscious about our needs, and we understand that some wills are stupid. That is why we became richer.

Let’s take two persons having the same income and living simultaneously. One is a baroque person, and one is a modern person. The baroque person will eat the peacocks, pheasant, lobsters with silver spoons on a table made of teak wood with the picturesque ornaments. He will probably wear clothes made of silk, covered with gold, purple color. He will have diamond rings and other stuff. The modern person (of the 20th century) will not have any ornament in his house, neither on the clothes, boots, or furniture. He will wear a black suit to not stand out from the crowd. His power is in his mind. Without spending money on luxury and Ornament, the modern person will save money and grow his capital not need to work in the future.

The modern person will work less. Workers of the previous era spent most of the time on decorations so that they had to work 20 hours per day to have the same production as a person of the modern age (20th century). Now people in America work 8 hours per day, and soon people will work 4 hours a day if they forget about all unnecessary details.

Some architects kill harmony with nature. A¬†peasant in¬†a¬†small village will build a¬†house without an¬†architect. If there is clay nearby, he will buy bricks; if not¬†‚Äď he will use wood and¬†stones from the¬†lake nearby. The¬†Peasant will ask the¬†carpenter (woodworker) to¬†make a¬†roof, and¬†he does not¬†know if the¬†roof will be beautiful or¬†ugly until it is built. Will the¬†house be beautiful? The¬†house will be as¬†beautiful as¬†a¬†lake, a¬†tree, or¬†a¬†horse. It will be a¬†part of¬†nature.

photos are taken from google and added to have a feeling of harmony with nature.

Architects can come to a place and draw the house as he or the customer imagines. He may use materials or technologies that are not usual for these places. The house may be great but may also kill nature. The house will take all the attention to itself. A peasant (subconsciously) understands that the house is a part of nature, and he will try to live in harmony as his ancestors lived.

Сity dwellers (urban citizens) don’t have a history. They have no sense of beauty and are not attached to one style. They live in a mix of everything.

The good architecture does not look nice in pictures. The architecture is not 2-dimensional, and a house is not built by pen. The architecture of Adolf Loos looks too simple on paper and photos but is great in real life. And you know why it is better? Look at other buildings built that time, look at the cafes of modern style with ornaments, that, of course, look great on paper, and where are they? Most of them are closed or have a new design because such architecture becomes not pretty even for the creator. In 3 years, the architect starts to hate his Ornament.

Someone may say that regular change of style, furniture, etc., is suitable for an economy because factories will produce more and more people will have jobs. Such logic exists. When the house is on fire, people are happy because a new, better building will be constructed in that place. But it is not ok, because it is just a capital loss for nothing.

Architecture is not art, except for monuments and gravestones. Everyone should like a House. But art is how an artist sees the world; you may like it or not. Art does not have a function (except for evoking emotions). However, the house satisfies the specific need. The picture should lead out of the usual comfort. The house should serve this comfort. The art is revolutionary; the house is conservative. Art opens new ways and thinks about the future. The house thinks about presents. A person likes everything that serves comfort and hates everything that leads out of it. So, he likes a house and hates art. And yes, architecture is not art. Unfortunately, today (20th century), most houses are liked by two people: the architect and a developer (a private home customer).

Adolf Loos is Austria‚Äôs most known architect of¬†the¬†early 20th century. His two masterpieces are the¬†Loos Haus and¬†Caf√© ‚ÄúMuseum.‚ÄĚ

Loos Haus, now here is the Raiffeisenbank.
Café Museum (I took photos from google)

Adolf Loos has written two best-seller books: ‚ÄúOrnament and¬†crime‚ÄĚ and¬†‚ÄúWhy A¬†Man Should Be Well-dressed.‚ÄĚ

In this article, I summarized the thoughts of Adolf loos and the thoughts that I experienced reading this book. If you liked this format, I would continue writing such articles. I have great books in my home library that I will be happy to talk about, and I also know tens of great books about architecture and urban planning. Just write a comment or write a private message. I will be very grateful.

Jan 2   Architecture   Austria   Books

Happy new year! Plans for 2022

We all know that that the year 2022 will not be the better one: there will be more Covid cases, less income, higher inflation, and of course, Covid-19 will not end either this year or next one.
But we have to continue to live: realize the plans and wishes.

I have six plans for this year:
I will Study at Baruch College in New York for one semester, and I will be a part of a student exchange program and study investments and real estate management. This will be my first travel to the USA, and I plan to intern in an investment company.

I will actively develop my blog, YouTube, and maybe Telegram, concentrating on architecture and urban planning, plus some investments and programming which should correlate with the themes above and be simple for a normal reader. I plan to get 1000 new subscribers by the end of the year.

I will develop my project (Austrianboxes.com or something new). I also will find an internship throughout the year. If you are an employer, I recommend you to read my CV or look at projects (my email is daniil@koveh.com).

I will improve my German to C1 and English to C2.

I will be a part of the WU trading and investment society.

I will practice playing piano, sketching, and drawing and know how to work with different materials.

I will travel around Europe and USA. This part may also be interesting for you because you can join me if you like walking around towns and getting fun looking at architecture, skiing, biking, and swimming.

This year was quite full of travel. I was traveling around Austria: Baden, Salzburg (4 times), Innsbruck, Bregenz, Hallstatt and Zell am see. Also was in foreign countries such as Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, and Russia.

This year the travel plans are wider. I split my travel into two parts: the USA and Europe. I will travel to California, Miami, Washington, and other states that I will find interesting in the USA.

I have a rating of countries that I want to visit:
Netherlands, France, Italy, Czech Republic, Denmark, Slovakia, Monaco, Germany, Israel, Malta, Estonia, Spain. I’m planning to visit at least 4 of them.

Jan 2   english
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